Confucianism says – nothing is supernatural and everything changes in the direction of the union of fellow human beings. This ideology has been criticized for creating feudalism and thus inhumane situations. .Six Chinese characters in a row – long live the emperor. Guan Yin (also known as Guan Yu or Guanyin) is the figure of mercy and compassion. She is one of the Three Pure Ones and a sky goddess in Chinese mythology. She is associated with death, protection, motherhood and rebirth. Guan Yin is from the eastern region of China and was a deity of the Chinese state of Song. She was worshiped as the patron and tutelary goddess of the imperial family and later associated with various other deities. In one legend, she saved her son from dying when he killed an ox that had attacked his horse in order to eat it. In another story, she helped Queen Dongshao die safely on her bier by telling her to put the sword of Qin on the body. She also asked Mazu, who had died in battle many years earlier, to bring her back to life. Historical records show that in the early Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC)

  1. Theory
  2. History


The religious manual was published by Cai Yuanpei in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). It was used in all of the political reforms of the Ming and Qing dynasties, including polygamy, abstinence from alcohol, spousal abuse, and seclusion during the Golden Age of Confucianism. .Liu Qinghu’s manual was published in 1611. It mainly focuses on domestic politics and family life, it also gives advice on how to run a household and how to act as a husband. The Ma Family Commune arose during this period when the government was enacting policies dictated by Confucianism to improve moral behavior within the family. The Manchu rulers adopted many of these practices and ideals. Manuals such as Cai Yuanpei’s The Religious Manual were used in the process of political reform during the Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty, and Imperial China. Often used as part of political reforms, they are an important expression of culture in all three dynasties. : Ming, Qing and Imperial China. They are only available in Chinese.


The concept of Confucianism has existed in Taiwan since ancient times. It goes back to the “Confucian Code” (Minsheng, 法學歷例, meaning Book of the Law), first published in the 3rd century BC. By the 1st century AD the basic texts were formalized and the book was kept officially. In addition to the “Confucian code” composed of political law, moral codes, history and other historical studies; there are various classics like “Analects”, “Liuye and Mencai” or others that provide information about Chinese history, ancient culture, society, mythology, etc. . Contrary to the way Western philosophy was spread from Greece and Rome, this book was transmitted mainly from China, totaling 144 chapters. The second part is called “Minsheng”, a book of quotations (法訣) compiled in the 5th century AD. It consists of more than 600 chapters and contains 6 books and a number of smaller sub-texts, such as “Sinyi”, “Fengshui”, “Zhekan”, etc.

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