ROK (Republic of Korea)

ROK (Republic of Korea)

The Republic of South Korea is also known as “The Republic of the Korean” and “Korea” in English. It lies on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula and borders China, North Korea, Russia and Japan. The capital is Seoul with 25 million inhabitants. , and the largest city is Busan with a population of about 5 million people. South Korea is an authoritarian regime that describes North Korea as a “puppet state”. The South Korean government is led by the President, who has executive powers not limited by other laws. The Legislature, or National Assembly, has nominal power in which MPs are elected to represent their constituents.

  1. History
    1. Old History
    2. Modern History
  2. Geography
  3. Politics
    1. Government
  4. Culture
    1. Language


Industrialization of South Korea was initiated by the Japanese during its colonial period. The process of industrialization was not only restricted to a small group of elites but also led to the creation of large scale economic inequality. As a result, the economic inequality widened between rich and poor which eventually led South Korea to develop into an industrialized country with a large gap in wealth distribution. . In order to reduce inequality, the government established a variety of social programs in South Korea which were impactful for increasing the population’s standard of living.The Korean War triggered by the U.S. military aggression against the North Korea who had attacked Seoul and took control of South Korea’s entire land mass in 1950 was another turning point that drastically affected the inequality of South Korea.

Old History

South Koreans are one of the oldest ethnic groups in the world. They have been living on the Korean peninsula since 4000 BC, and have made an indelible impact on Korean culture, history and language.The Chinese Occupation of KoreaChina’s occupation of Korea started in the year 668 when they invaded the country. This was a major blow to the Koreans. The Chinese wanted to conquer all of Korea but were defeated by King Gye Sun, who had been a great king of the country. The Chinese were forced to withdraw from Korea after this defeat.The Koreans were not completely defeated though, as they had learnt how to survive in the cold and snowy terrain. They continued their fight for survival and developed their culture by adapting themselves to the climate of the country.In 668 AD, Korea was divided into two parts; North and South Korea. North Korea was ruled by the descendants of the people who had been living in that area for thousands of years. The South Koreans, however, were descended from a more recent migration to these areas of Korea which occurred after China had occupied the country in 668 AD.When China captured the Korean Peninsula in 7th century AD, they forced its people to live under their laws and to follow the Chinese religion. The Koreans resisted this rule of China and revolted against them. This rebellion was a major turning point in Korea’s history as these people were now able to fight back against the Chinese. In 10th century, they started using Buddhism as a way of life to take away their betrayal against China but were unable to defeat the Chinese in battle.

Modern History

The right-left movement is a history of North Korea that began with the 1988 peace treaty. Lee Myung-bak’s first win was in 2009, which was the first time he won. Current President Park Geun-hye has been slowly moving in the same direction as the peninsula and the peace treaty since taking office in 2007. The peninsula was divided after the Korean War in 1948, with a demarcation line drawn across the middle. North and South Korea have been at war since that time, leading to limited cooperation in 1972 when they signed an armistice agreement. When President Jimmy Carter took office, he negotiated with North Korea but was unable to bring them to an agreement, nor was his successor, President Ronald Reagan. The history of the peninsula begins in 1948. The Korean War began in 1950 and ended with an armistice agreement between North Korea and South Korea in 1953, but fighting on the peninsula did not stop. In 1972, they stopped fighting during negotiations when they signed a treaty that resulted in some cooperation between North and South Korea.


South Korea (officially known as the Republic of Korea) has a total area of 98,347 square kilometers. South Korea borders North Korea to the north and China to the west. The country does not share land borders with other countries. .The capital of South Korea is Seoul.

South Korea is a country in Southeast Asia, bordered by China to the north and Russia to the northeast. It is also a peninsula jutting out from the continental mainland into the Pacific Ocean. With a total population of about 58 million, South Korea has developed faster than other countries due to its small size, with about half of its workers coming from abroad.


South Korea was an impressive trading power in the East. Its industrious government, lavish benefits, and a culture of thrift fueled its transformation into the 13th largest economy in the world. Today South Korea is growing faster than any other country due to its young population. .South Korea gets rich from exports. The country’s economy is based on machinery, outsourcing and low-wage labor that produces $1.5 trillion in goods annually. With an average growth of 1% and a population that has not yet reached its saturation point, South Korea’s economy is growing at a speed unprecedented in history


President Park Geun Hye was impeached and ousted over her scandals on December 9, 2017. The president’s new political party is led by Habibu Ki-Moon of the small opposition Democratic United Party (SDP), which has been in the opposition parties since 1999. A major milestone in South Korea’s history was reached on June 25, 2018, when Pyongyang and Seoul agreed to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula. Although there are many obstacles, this was much closer than many expected. Other historical events that occurred during Park Geun Hye’s tenure as President include: 1. In June 2013, a South Korean was sentenced to death for plotting an assassination attempt on President Park Geun Hye in 2015.2. A North Korean soldier defected and crossed the DMZ into South Korea on June 20, 2017. Economist named Habibu Ki Moon of the small opposition Democratic United Party (SDP), which has been in the opposition parties since 1999. A major milestone in South Korea’s history was reached on June 25, 2018, when Pyongyang and Seoul agreed to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula.


South Korea is a historically and culturally diverse country. People come from all over the world to see the beautiful mountains, stunning beaches, historic palaces and traditional markets of this East Asian country. Famed for its beauty, South Korea is a must-see for anyone who loves culture and history. .This East Asian country offers a mix of natural wonders and historical sites. Whether travelers are interested in visiting South Korea for the first time or on their next trip, there is a place that will delight them. There are also some unique attractions in this small country that offer different experiences than anywhere else.


South Korea’s language is also an important factor in how this nation’s cultural identity differs from other countries, including China and Japan. For example, many Korean children avoid speaking English for fear of saving their culture by speaking this universal language as little as possible, while many schools require teachers to teach students exclusively in Korean, leading to this contributes to the students remaining in their native language learning techniques. Korean language is also heavily influenced by Chinese and Japanese, with many words rooted in the languages of both countries. As a result, many people can find it very difficult to learn the Korean language as there is so much they don’t understand or are unfamiliar with on a cultural level.

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