With 3.2 million inhabitants, Tajikistan is the smallest country in Central Asia. It is located in the southeast corner of Central Asia, bordering Afghanistan to the north and Kazakhstan to the south and east. It has a long history of trade and cultural interaction with its neighbors. , most of whom were first-time visitors. The country is geographically a combination of mountains and plains, the mountains of Central Asia stretching eastward from the Tien Shan in the north to the Pamir Mountains in the southeast. Tajikistan borders Afghanistan on all sides except for its single land border with Kazakhstan. Tajikistan has a coastline of 2,611 kilometers on both sides of the Balkan Peninsula and the Caspian Sea to the south covering an area of 4,096 square kilometers.

  1. History
    1. Old History
    2. Modern History
  2. Geography
  3. Politics
    1. Government
    2. Economy
  4. Culture


In the past, Tajikistan was the largest country in Central Asia, but now it can be called one of the smallest countries in this region. again. Its population is less than a million people, and the territory of Tajikistan is only 30 km2. A staggering 27% of Tajikistan’s land area is in the Russian Federation, mostly in Dushanbe and Bishkek. The population of these two cities has doubled since 2001 (from 972,000 to 1,216,000). Another large part of Tajikistan’s land area lies in Central Asia. Almost half of the total population lives in this area. There are hundreds of ethnic groups in Central Asia, but Tajikistan has managed to preserve its own language and people.

Old History

Tajikistan is a Central Asian country that has played a crucial role in the history of the Silk Road. With its rich cultural diversity, it will always be on the world map and play an important role in current events. . It is known that the culture of Tajikistan is one of the main factors in the success of the Silk Road. However, this region has always been a haven for foreign occupations. For example, in 1227, Mongol invaders led by Batu Khan invaded, occupied and took control of the regions of Central Asia’s southern neighbor Syr Darya. In 1404, the Uzbeks invaded and occupied northern Tajikistan, leading to a war of independence between the two states to establish an Islamic state. The country conquered by the Uzbeks was called Uzbekistan. However, the war between Uzbeks and Tajik soldiers lasted over 100 years. By 1728, a peace treaty was signed between the Uzbek Khanate and two of Tajikistan’s neighbors – Afghanistan and Khiva.

Modern History

Tajikistan is a small country in Central Asia. The country has been ruled by various dynasties and has had a stable democratic system since its founding in 1991. Tajikistan has been part of Russia since 1923, but over time gained its independence from Russia and became an independent republic within the Federation of States of the Former Soviet Union. . The capital of the country is Dushanbe and is located in the center of Central Asia. It has three major cities: Dushanbe, Rahimyar Khan and Jizzakh. Brief history [ edit ] The history of Tajikistan dates back to ancient times when some ancient residents including Buddhist monks lived in this place and they were called Tajiks. This is not certain as it is said that the ancient inhabitants of Tajikistan were Hindus and Buddhists. After the death of Alexander the Great, this area was ruled by a certain Satakas dynasty. After Achin Khan’s coup in 1920, Turkmenistan gained independence from Bolshevik Russia in 1921, and the country became better known around the world as “Novorrussia”.


Tajikistan is located in Central Asia, between China and Russia. It is the sixth largest country in the world and the ninth largest state by area. The Tajik language is mainly spoken by 90% of the population, which is one of the oldest Indo-European languages. .Tajikistan is also a member state of the Eurasian Economic Union and hosts a border crossing point with Kyrgyzstan. There are Tajik-speaking communities scattered throughout Central Asia. The largest city in Tajikistan is Dushanbe, which lies on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, bordering Afghanistan, as well as Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Other big cities are Khorog and Khujand. Tajikistan is divided into 29 provinces, which are further subdivided into 108 districts, with each district having its own local governmental body. Most of the Tajik population are ethnic Dushmen (from south-western Uzbekistan) who speak an Indo-European language of Tajik origin. Tajikistan is also home to a number of ethnic groups, including the Mangyids, who speak an Indo-European language of Central Asian origin. Some argue that the majority language is Rumi (or Sorani).


Tajikistan has a vast territory and one of the world’s largest number of republics. Parts of it are mountainous, others fertile. It also houses several important cultural and historical sites. , such as Bukhara and Samarkand, which are among the largest cities in Central Asia. This beautiful country celebrates its national holiday on August 13th. If you visit Tajikistan for vacation, you will undoubtedly be offered many opportunities to visit one of these historical sites.


Tajikistan is divided into 46 provinces, each overseen by a governor or a local administration headed by a provincial governor or chief of staff to the governor. . The provinces are divided into five districts, each administered by a district governor or district chief of staff. There are two districts in the capital, Bishkek: the Central District and the Northern District. Each province has three districts, although some have one less as they have been split into two provinces in recent years. Abkh Azia was split into two provinces in 2006, with the number of districts decreasing. Today there are four districts in each province: Alazani district (Adjara and Imereti provinces), Assumption district (capital Sukhumi) and Kherson region.


Tajikistan is one of the most important countries in Central Asia. It is also one of the least developed countries. The country has not been able to develop its economy due to its geographical location, which makes it vulnerable to possible external pressures. , including economic sanctions. And its cultural and religious ties with the rest of Eurasia have also made Tajikistan vulnerable to outside terrorist threats. Unlike other Central Asian countries such as Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, Tajikistan is a landlocked country where access to potential sources for natural gas supply is constrained by its geographical location on the Silk Road. In addition, it has a weak and underdeveloped population that makes it vulnerable to outside pressures. Since the end of the civil war in 1992, the government of Tajikistan has been trying to improve its economy. The main goal is to reduce dependence on Russian gas by improving transport infrastructure on its territory. To this end, Tajikistan has been negotiating with Russia and China for access to their markets


The people of Tajikistan are known for their hospitality, hospitality and hospitality. They are very hospitable and will treat you like royalty overnight if you stay in a Tajik hotel. or in the home of a Tajik family. Tajikistan is a very beautiful country with an incredible amount of natural beauty. The scenery is like nothing I’ve seen before and the people are extremely welcoming and hospitable. It doesn’t matter how small or powerful your country is, Tajikistan loves you no matter what you look like, where you are from.

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