Qatar is a small peninsula in the larger Arabian Peninsula on the northeast coast of the Arabian Gulf. The country of 2.2 million people and a land area of about 330 square miles borders Saudi Arabia to the southwest and Iraq to the southeast. Qatar is a small Arab country with an 8 percent of GDP and $2,630 per capita in 2016. It was founded in 1824 and is located on the north coast of the Arabian Peninsula. The country of Qatar lies on the lower reaches of the Doha River and on the coast of the Persian Gulf of Arabia. It is close to the city of the same name. than the country and is about 100 km above the Gulf. Qatar has a very small population and is surrounded by two countries known for their oil resources which give Qatar the money it needs to survive. Their economy relies on large reserves of natural gas, oil and non-renewable energy sources such as phosphates.

  1. History
    1. Old History
    2. Modern History
  2. Geography
  3. Politics
    1. Government
  4. Culture


Qatar is a small desert peninsula in the heart of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the southwest, Iraq and its neighboring country Kuwait to the west, and the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman to the east. It has a population of about three million people (2.7 million in urban areas and around 1.4 million in rural areas). and covers an area of 2,219 km².The name “Qatar” is derived from the Arabic word “qat” meaning “dried date palm fruit drink”. It is formed by merging the words Sahel (a peninsula) and ‘atta (a tree). The people living on the peninsula are known as the Sahelian and ‘atta people.The word “Qatar” is also used as a noun for the entire peninsula of Qatar, which includes all its islands (except the uninhabited and largely unexplored Thumrait Peninsula). The Sahelian people are generally referred to in Arabic as Qatari or Qatari Arabs, while the ‘atta Arab States.

Old History

Qatar is an extremely rich country with an impressive history which has been passed down for generations. Its ambience and veracity has generated a global legacy and it continues to hold this legacy. In the Qatari society, we have our own cultural norms and traditions which are unique to the country. But all this does not mean that Qatar is a society without any backwardness,” he said.He however warned that “the Islamic culture is only one of the aspects of culture in Qatar. Its existence has influenced our human values and it has led us towards achieving a high standard of living through the development of our economy.

Modern History

Qatar has been ruled by the House of Thani since the 18th century. In 1783, the Al-Khalifa tribe of Bahrain took power and ruled Qatar under a Turkish vassal state. It was not until a British force invaded and drove them out in 1811 that Qatar was finally liberated from Ottoman rule. The British then agreed to protect the House of Thani, in exchange for the latter having to cede dominion over their territory to them. As a result, Qatar became a British protectorate in 1913. Sultan bin Qassim Al-Thani was appointed the first Hereditary Emir of Qatar by the British on October 16, 1868. The position was passed from father to son until Hamad Bin Khalifa seized power in a coup on December 24, 1975. Qatar is a peninsula of Saudi Arabia and has always been well connected to Saudi Arabia through the causeway. Qatar shares its only land border with Saudi Arabia, which is also a causeway, along with Bahrain and Oman. Its maritime boundaries are oceans: the Persian Gulf to the northeast, the Arabian Sea to the east, and the Gulf of Oman to the west.


Qatar is close to Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and Abu Dhabi and shares only one land border with Israel. Qatar has a little over two million inhabitants. It is a small country with the largest natural gas reserves in the world. It has been a minor regional power since the early 20th century and became an independent state in 1971. The Qatar Peninsula is a low-lying and largely barren desert that limits potential for agriculture. Qatar has a population of 2 million people and an area of . The country’s main industries are natural gas, oil and mineral exploration, international trade, tourism and manufacturing. In 2010, Qatar had the highest per capita income in the world. It is currently OPEC’s second largest crude oil exporter. Qatar was covered in desert until it became one of the richest countries in the world


Qatar’s current status as a sovereign state is suddenly becoming a destabilizing foreign policy choice for its neighbors. This decision is partly due to Qatar’s differing understanding of Middle East politics and partly to how it weakens traditional understandings of what constitutes “statehood”. Qatar is an emirate under the umbrella of the United Arab Emirates. This defines Qatar’s sovereignty and gives it a stronger sense of self-determination than other countries in the Middle East. It also allows it to be part of an alliance like GCC without giving up its sovereignty, which a state like Jordan or Oman would cause.


The Qatari leadership believes in their own claim and claims their version of the law. The leaders believe the country’s leadership may remain so for some time, with the country’s leaders believing in their own right and claiming their version of the law. and their country’s version of the law. The leaders believe that their country’s version of the law is accepted by the international community and by all states, and therefore they claimed that Qatar does not have to recognize another country’s version of the law, according to the National Charter of Qatar. It is actually said that this discussion was not necessary because what has been achieved in relation to Qatar’s legal system is sufficient.


Qatar’s culture is a fascinating cross-cultural heritage that blends Western, Arabic and Islamic traditions and experiences. The country has embraced this ethos through its modern architecture, socially and politically charged laws, and a strong emphasis on the ethnic diversity of its community, which showcases and celebrates the cultures of the Qatari people. Qatar’s “national culture” was officially launched in 2006 by the then Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al Thani. The cultural framework attempts to portray the country as an Arab Emirate and to create a sense of national identity for Qatari society. The National Cultural Framework aims not only to provide an insight into Qatar’s heritage, but also to set out a vision for the future. Qatar is a modern cross-cultural heritage that combines Western, Arabic and Islamic traditions and experiences.

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