19th century

19th century

In the 19th century, several competing systems and technologies combined and helped revolutionize various aspects of everyday life. The introduction focuses on three main topics – mechanical textile looms, steam generators, human cylinder pumps and water pumps. .The exhibition brings to life the history of the “old Turkish” textile looms, which were one of the first machines on the market in Europe from 1850 to 1880. This was a time when industrialization was taking shape and machines were becoming more powerful and efficient by leaps and bounds. Textile manufacturing technology also changed dramatically during this period.

Technology Begins

The technology of the 19th century revolutionized industry, economy, and society. It brought science, railways and factories to Britain. and America, and led to the creation of the first world-class cities; Millions of Britons benefited from it. Cars and electric lighting were developed, as were refrigeration, hot water, and air conditioning. The 19th century also witnessed the rise of modern sciences such as microscopy, photography and chemistry. The invention of electricity made it possible to light lamps without burning oil. The invention of the telephone brought about a revolution in communication and transportation, allowing people to meet and communicate with each other. The Industrial Revolution was fueled by cheap coal, labor-saving machinery, and a population explosion. Meanwhile, the British Empire was expanding around the globe. From the 1850s the railways became an important part of British society; Britain became a world power in this highly competitive industry. The railroad connected cities, towns and villages by being a cheap and fast means of transportation. Railroad companies developed modern timetables, timetables were published in newspapers so passengers could plan their journey before setting off, new stations were built and new tracks were laid to allow trains to travel long distances.

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